Grant Award Details
Developing a personalized approach to beta cell replacement for patients with a genetic form of diabetes
To determine the functional requirement for NEUROGENIN3 in the differentiation, maintenance, function, and survival of human pancreatic endocrine cells.
<p>The long-term goal of this study was to generate a patient-specific stem cell line that would be capable of generating functional insulin cells that could be used as a potential cell translate therapy in the future. We focused on correcting a mutation in am index patient's DNA that prevented this patient from making functional insulin cells able to sustain normal blood sugar levels. We collected the patient's skin cells and converted the skin cells into induced pluripotent stem cells. We attempted to differentiate the induced pluripotent cells into insulin cells in the lab, but it did not work. To make the induced pluripotent stem cells capable of making insulin cells, we used CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing to fix the patient's mutation in the induced pluripotent stem cells. Once the mutation was fixed, we pursued experiments that proved that the corrected induced pluripotent stem cells were now capable of differentiating into insulin cells that can release insulin in response to high glucose levels. </p><p><br></p><p>To our knowledge, this is the first project to correct a patient's gene mutation that restored the patient's cells ability to make functional insulin cells. We are currently writing this research project up for publication in a widely read scientific journal. We are preparing a CIRM DISC2 application to continue this project. The first step was to establish that we could restore the capacity of the patient's cells to differentiate into insulin cells. Our next step, as will be proposed in the DISC2 application, will be to scale up production of the patient's insulin cells and prove that they can cure diabetes in larger animal models more reflective of human diabetes. We have also identified 3 other patients at our institution that could benefit from a potential insulin cell therapy for their diabetes, and we will propose experiments to create a pipeline that creates personalized induced pluripotent stem cells able to produce insulin for patients with diabetes.</p>
Grant Application Details
- Developing a personalized approach to beta cell replacement for patients with a genetic form of diabetes
To correct a gene mutation in a patient's stem cells and produce functional replacement cells for the patient to cure their diabetes.
WE expect that this project can serve as a model for developing new treatments for patients with certain forms of genetic diabetes.
Major Proposed Activities
- To understand how the patient's gene mutation affects the differentiation, function, and survival of stem cell derived insulin cells
- To correct the patient's mutation in stem cells, then generate new insulin cells and test if they are fully functional.
Statement of Benefit to California:
California is already a leader in advancing stem cell technology. If we are successful, we believe that California can become the center for patients with certain forms of diabetes to come to for treatment.
Source URL: https://www.cirm.ca.gov/our-progress/awards/developing-personalized-approach-beta-cell-replacement-patients-genetic-form