Stage of Program: Basic Research and Discovery Stage Programs

Identifying sources of mutation in human induced pluripotent stem cells by whole genome sequencing

Stem cell research offers new tools to help treat and cure diseases that affect diverse cells types in the body such as neurological diseases, heart disease and diabetes by producing human cells for transplantation or to enable drug discovery . Recent advances have allowed researchers to generate patient-matched cell types from the skin or other […]

Ubiquitin-dependent control of hESC self-renewal and expansion

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) or induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provide an invaluable resource for regenerative medicine and disease modeling. To be able to use these cells in the clinic, hESCs and iPSCs need to be expanded without introducing genetic instability. However, current protocols of hESC and iPSC propagation frequently result in aneuploidy, a […]

Forming the Hematopoietic Niche from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells

The clinical potential of pluripotent stem cells for use in regenerative medicine will be realized only when the process by which tissues are generated from these cells is significantly more efficient and controlled than is currently the case. Fundamental questions remain about the mechanisms by which pluripotent stem cells differentiate into mature tissue. The overall […]

Biological relevance of microRNAs in hESC differentiation to endocrine pancreas

There remains an urgent and critical need for a cell-based cure of diabetes, one of the most costly diseases in California. Islet transplantation with persistent immune suppression has shown promise in curing type 1 diabetes (TID). However, one major obstacle towards large scale implementation of this approach is the shortage of engraftable islets. Human ES […]

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Tissue Regeneration

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have tremendous potential for patient-specific cell therapies, which bypasses immune rejection issues and ethical concerns for embryonic stem cells (ESCs). However, to fully harness the therapeutic potential of iPSCs, many fundamental issues of cell transplantation remain to be addressed, e.g., how iPSC-derived cells participate in tissue regeneration, which type of […]

Tri-resolution Visualization System for Stem Cells and Tissue Regeneration Monitoring

The 3D imaging techniques of CT and MRI have virtually eliminated the need for exploratory surgery – a procedure which was common in difficult cases just 20-30 years ago. Not only is imaging used to discover the extent of disease, it is now used to measure the effect of therapies. The “size” of a tumor […]

Use of hiPSCs to develop lead compounds for the treatment of genetic diseases

This study will use Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T), an early-onset inherited neurodegenerative disease of children, as a model to study the mechanisms leading to cerebellar neurodegeneration and to develop a drug that can slow or halt neurodegeneration. We will start with skin cells that were originally grown from biopsies of patients with A-T who specifically carry “nonsense” […]

Pluripotent and Somatic Stem Cell Models to Study Inherited Diarrheal Disorders

Our research group at [REDACTED] has had a long-standing interest in understanding the cause of several disorders that result in severe, and often times fatal forms of diarrhea in children. These diarrheal disorders are inherited, and somehow lead to poor absorption of nearly all forms of nutrients, including protein, sugars and fats. Why children with […]

Regeneration of Functional Human Corneal Epithelial Progenitor Cells

Over 3.2 million people worldwide are bilateral blind from corneal diseases. Limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) has been recognized as a major cause, either primary or secondary, of significant visual loss and blindness in many common corneal disorders. A healthy, transparent ocular surface is made up of non-keratinized, stratified squamous epithelium that is highly differentiated. […]

Inhibitory Nerve Cell Precursors: Dosing, Safety and Efficacy

Many neurological disorders are characterized by an imbalance between excitation and inhibition. Our ultimate goal: to develop a cell-based therapy to modulate aberrant brain activity in the treatment of these disorders. Our initial focus is on epilepsy. In 20-30% of these patients, seizures are unresponsive to drugs, requiring invasive surgical resection of brain regions with […]