Cell Line Generation: Other

Tumor stem cell-targeted immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma –a randomized phase 3 clinical trial.

Therapeutic Candidate or Device Tumor stem cell-targeted immunotherapy. Indication Metastatic melanoma. Therapeutic Mechanism Destruction of host tumor stem cells by adaptive humoral cellular immunity will eradicate the origin of melanoma which will extend patient survival. Unmet Medical Need There is no effective treatment for metastatic melanoma. This treatment is the only one to target tumor […]

Allogenic human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis

Therapeutic Candidate or Device Intra-articularly injected allogeneic culture-expanded human adipose derived mesenchymal progenitor cells Indication Knee osteoarthritis Therapeutic Mechanism Cartilage regeneration (as determined by cartilage volume increase), immunomodulatory effects Unmet Medical Need There is no approved disease modification therapy for osteoarthritis (OA), and OA is a leading cause of both hospitalization and joint replacement surgery. […]

Systemic Adult Stem Cell Therapy for Osteoporosis-Related Vertebral Compression Fractures

Vertebral compression fractures are the most common fractures associated with osteoporosis. Approximately 700,000 osteoporosis-related vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) occur each year in the US. Currently, treatment is focused primarily on prevention. When fractures occur in patients with osteoporosis, treatment options are limited because open surgery with implants often fails. Recently, new therapies involving injection of […]

Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Heal Chronic Diabetic Wounds

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU), chronic, non-healing wounds on the feet of diabetic patients, present a serious challenge to global health. These ulcers affect between 15-25% of the 18-21 million Americans who have diabetes (world-wide incidence of diabetes: 366 million people). DFUs have a huge impact on our health care system, not only in terms of […]

Harnessing native fat-residing stem cells for bone regeneration

Like most tissues of the body, bone possesses a natural regenerative system aimed at restoring cells and tissues lost to natural cell aging, disease or injury. These natural regenerative systems are complex combinations of cell growth factors and support structures that guide and control the development of specialized bone stem cells. However, the regeneration process […]

Cartilage Regeneration by the Chondrogenic Small Molecule PRO1 during Osteoarthritis

The ability to direct the differentiation of resident mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) towards the cartilage lineage offers considerable promise for the regeneration of articular cartilage after traumatic joint injury or age-related osteoarthritis (OA). MSCs can be stimulated in vitro to form new functional cartilage. In the OA-affected joint, the repair is insufficient, leaving a damaged […]

New Technology for the Derivation of Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Lines for Clinical Use

Since their discovery almost ten years ago, there has been steady progress towards the application of human embryonic stem (ES) cells in medicine. Now, the field is on the threshold of a new era. Recent results from several laboratories show that human skin cells can be converted to cells resembling ES cells through simple genetic […]

The Dangers of Mitochondrial DNA Heteroplasmy in Stem Cells Created by Therapeutic Cloning

n therapeutic cloning, a patient’s cell is combined (fused) to an enucleated donated egg (oocyte) from an unrelated woman or from another animal. It is hoped that cellular factors in the egg cytoplasm will reprogram the patient’s cell nucleus making it capable of generating replacement cells for the patient’s body. Thus, if a patient is […]

Induction of pluripotency in fibroblasts by fusion with enucleated human embryonic stem cell syncytia

Embryonic stem cells are pluripotent which means they can in principle be instructed to become every cell type in the body. Moreover, they can produce an infinite number of daughter cells. Therefore, human embryonic stem cells have great potential as a cell source for regenerative therapies of a wide range of diseases, some of which […]