Low-coverage single-cell mRNA sequencing reveals cellular heterogeneity and activated signaling pathways in developing cerebral cortex.

Journal: 
Nat Biotechnol
Publication Year: 
2014
Authors: 
Alex A Pollen
Tomasz J Nowakowski
Joe Shuga
Xiaohui Wang
Anne A Leyrat
Jan H Lui
Nianzhen Li
Lukasz Szpankowski
Brian Fowler
Peilin Chen
Naveen Ramalingam
Gang Sun
Myo Thu
Michael Norris
Ronald Lebofsky
Dominique Toppani
Darnell W 2nd Kemp
Michael Wong
Barry Clerkson
Brittnee N Jones
Shiquan Wu
Lawrence Knutsson
Beatriz Alvarado
Jing Wang
Lesley S Weaver
Andrew P May
Robert C Jones
Marc A Unger
Arnold R Kriegstein
Jay A A West
PubMed link: 
25086649
Public Summary: 
Scientific Abstract: 
Large-scale surveys of single-cell gene expression have the potential to reveal rare cell populations and lineage relationships but require efficient methods for cell capture and mRNA sequencing. Although cellular barcoding strategies allow parallel sequencing of single cells at ultra-low depths, the limitations of shallow sequencing have not been investigated directly. By capturing 301 single cells from 11 populations using microfluidics and analyzing single-cell transcriptomes across downsampled sequencing depths, we demonstrate that shallow single-cell mRNA sequencing ( approximately 50,000 reads per cell) is sufficient for unbiased cell-type classification and biomarker identification. In the developing cortex, we identify diverse cell types, including multiple progenitor and neuronal subtypes, and we identify EGR1 and FOS as previously unreported candidate targets of Notch signaling in human but not mouse radial glia. Our strategy establishes an efficient method for unbiased analysis and comparison of cell populations from heterogeneous tissue by microfluidic single-cell capture and low-coverage sequencing of many cells.