Improving Aptamer Selection Efficiency through Volume Dilution, Magnetic Concentration, and Continuous Washing in Microfluidic Channels.

Journal: 
Anal Chem
Publication Year: 
2011
Authors: 
S S Oh , K M Ahmad , M Cho , S Kim , Y Xiao , H T Soh
Public Summary: 
The generation of nucleic acid aptamers with high affinity typically entails a time-consuming, iterative process of binding, separation, and amplification. It would therefore be beneficial to develop an efficient selection strategy that can generate these high-quality aptamers rapidly, economically, and reproducibly. Toward this goal, we have developed a method that efficiently generates DNA aptamers with slow off-rates. This methodology, called VDC-MSELEX, pairs the volume dilution challenge process with microfluidic separation for magnetic bead-assisted aptamer selection. This method offers improved aptamer selection efficiencies through the application of highly stringent selection conditions: it retrieves a small number (<10(6)) of magnetic beads suspended in a large volume (>50 mL) and concentrates them into a microfluidic chamber (8 muL) with minimal loss for continuous washing. We performed three rounds of the VDC-MSELEX using streptavidin (SA) as the target and obtained new DNA aptamer sequences with low nanomolar affinity that specifically bind to the SA proteins.
Scientific Abstract: 
The generation of nucleic acid aptamers with high affinity typically entails a time-consuming, iterative process of binding, separation, and amplification. It would therefore be beneficial to develop an efficient selection strategy that can generate these high-quality aptamers rapidly, economically, and reproducibly. Toward this goal, we have developed a method that efficiently generates DNA aptamers with slow off-rates. This methodology, called VDC-MSELEX, pairs the volume dilution challenge process with microfluidic separation for magnetic bead-assisted aptamer selection. This method offers improved aptamer selection efficiencies through the application of highly stringent selection conditions: it retrieves a small number (<10(6)) of magnetic beads suspended in a large volume (>50 mL) and concentrates them into a microfluidic chamber (8 muL) with minimal loss for continuous washing. We performed three rounds of the VDC-MSELEX using streptavidin (SA) as the target and obtained new DNA aptamer sequences with low nanomolar affinity that specifically bind to the SA proteins.

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