Pediatr Blood Cancer
Certain beta globin gene mutations produce a thalassemia major phenotype in the heterozygous state. While most such patients have thalassemia intermedia, we describe a young Guatemalan child with a de novo mutation in the beta globin gene, codon 31 T --> G (Hemoglobin Hakkari), who developed severe anemia at the age of 10 months and remains transfusion-dependent. The substitution of B13 leucine with arginine in the beta globin results in alteration of a critical heme contact point resulting in an extremely unstable variant hemoglobin and a clinical picture that is characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis and numerous intracytoplasmic inclusions within the erythrocyte precursors of the bone marrow. .