Analysis of cardiomyocyte clonal expansion during mouse heart development and injury.

Journal: 
Nat Commun
Publication Year: 
2018
Authors: 
Konstantina-Ioanna Sereti
Ngoc B Nguyen
Paniz Kamran
Peng Zhao
Sara Ranjbarvaziri
Shuin Park
Shan Sabri
James L Engel
Kevin Sung
Rajan P Kulkarni
Yichen Ding
Tzung K Hsiai
Kathrin Plath
Jason Ernst
Debashis Sahoo
Hanna K A Mikkola
M Luisa Iruela-Arispe
Reza Ardehali
PubMed link: 
29467410
Public Summary: 
The cellular mechanisms driving cardiac tissue formation remain poorly understood, largely due to the structural and functional complexity of the heart. It is unclear whether newly generated myocytes originate from cardiac stem/progenitor cells or from pre-existing cardiomyocytes that re-enter the cell cycle. Here, we identify the source of new cardiomyocytes during mouse development and after injury. Our findings suggest that cardiac progenitors maintain proliferative potential and are the main source of cardiomyocytes during development; however, the onset of alphaMHC expression leads to reduced cycling capacity. Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals a proliferative, "progenitor-like" population abundant in early embryonic stages that decreases to minimal levels postnatally. Furthermore, cardiac injury by ligation of the left anterior descending artery was found to activate cardiomyocyte proliferation in neonatal but not adult mice. Our data suggest that clonal dominance of differentiating progenitors mediates cardiac development, while a distinct subpopulation of cardiomyocytes may have the potential for limited proliferation during late embryonic development and shortly after birth.
Scientific Abstract: 
The cellular mechanisms driving cardiac tissue formation remain poorly understood, largely due to the structural and functional complexity of the heart. It is unclear whether newly generated myocytes originate from cardiac stem/progenitor cells or from pre-existing cardiomyocytes that re-enter the cell cycle. Here, we identify the source of new cardiomyocytes during mouse development and after injury. Our findings suggest that cardiac progenitors maintain proliferative potential and are the main source of cardiomyocytes during development; however, the onset of alphaMHC expression leads to reduced cycling capacity. Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals a proliferative, "progenitor-like" population abundant in early embryonic stages that decreases to minimal levels postnatally. Furthermore, cardiac injury by ligation of the left anterior descending artery was found to activate cardiomyocyte proliferation in neonatal but not adult mice. Our data suggest that clonal dominance of differentiating progenitors mediates cardiac development, while a distinct subpopulation of cardiomyocytes may have the potential for limited proliferation during late embryonic development and shortly after birth.