Modeling Myocardial Therapy with Human Embryonic Stem Cells

Modeling Myocardial Therapy with Human Embryonic Stem Cells

Funding Type: 
Comprehensive Grant
Grant Number: 
RC1-00104
Approved funds: 
$2,134,694
Disease Focus: 
Heart Disease
Stem Cell Use: 
Embryonic Stem Cell
Public Abstract: 
Five million people in the U.S. suffer with heart failure, at a cost of $30 billion/year. Heart failure occurs when the heart is damaged and becomes unable to meet the demands placed on it. Unlike some tissues, heart muscle does not regenerate. Human embryonic stem cells grow and divide indefinitely while maintaining the potential to develop into many tissues of the body, including heart muscle. They provide an unprecedented opportunity to both study human heart muscle in culture in the laboratory, and advance cell-based therapy for damaged heart muscle. We have developed methods for identifying and isolating specific types of human embryonic stem cells, stimulating them to become human heart muscle cells, and delivering these into the hearts of mice that have had a heart attack. This research will identify those human embryonic stem cells that are best at repairing damaged heart muscle, thereby treating or avoiding heart failure.
Statement of Benefit to California: 
More than 90,000 people in California suffer with heart failure, at a cost of ~$540 million/year. Heart failure occurs when the heart is damaged and becomes unable to meet the demands placed on it. Unlike some tissues, heart muscle does not regenerate. This research will identify human embryonic stem cells that are able to repair damaged heart muscle, thereby treating or avoiding heart failure. The medical treatments developed as a result of these studies will not only benefit the health of Californians with heart failure, but also should result in significant savings in health care costs. This research will push the field of cardiovascular regenerative medicine forward despite the paucity of federal funds, and better prepare us to utilize these funds when they become available in the future.
Progress Report: 

Year 1

Five million people in the U.S. suffer with heart failure, at a cost of $30 billion/year. Heart failure occurs when the heart is damaged and becomes unable to meet the demands placed on it. Unlike some tissues, heart muscle does not regenerate. Human embryonic stem cells grow and divide indefinitely while maintaining the potential to develop into many tissues of the body, including heart muscle. They provide an unprecedented opportunity to both study human heart muscle in culture in the laboratory, and advance cell-based therapy for damaged heart muscle. During the first year of CIRM support, we have developed methods for identifying and isolating specific types of human embryonic stem cells, and stimulating them to become human heart muscle cells. We are currently working to determine the best methods and timing for delivering these cells into the hearts of mice that have had a heart attack. This research will identify those human embryonic stem cells that are best at repairing damaged heart muscle, thereby treating or avoiding heart failure.

Year 2

Five million people in the U.S. suffer with heart failure, at a cost of $30 billion/year. Heart failure occurs when the heart is damaged and becomes unable to meet the demands placed on it. Unlike some tissues, heart muscle does not regenerate. Human embryonic stem cells grow and divide indefinitely while maintaining the potential to develop into many tissues of the body, including heart muscle. They provide an unprecedented opportunity to both study human heart muscle in culture in the laboratory, and advance cell-based therapy for damaged heart muscle. During this year of CIRM support, we have developed methods for identifying and isolating specific types of human embryonic stem cells, and stimulating them to become human heart muscle cells. We are currently working to determine the best methods and timing for delivering these cells into the hearts of mice that have had a heart attack. This research will identify those human embryonic stem cells that are best at repairing damaged heart muscle, thereby treating or avoiding heart failure.

Year 3

Five million people in the U.S. suffer with heart failure, at a cost of $30 billion/year. Heart failure occurs when the heart is damaged and becomes unable to meet the demands placed on it. Unlike some tissues, heart muscle does not regenerate. Human embryonic stem cells grow and divide indefinitely while maintaining the potential to develop into many tissues of the body, including heart muscle. They provide an unprecedented opportunity to both study human heart muscle in culture in the laboratory, and advance cell-based therapy for damaged heart muscle. During this year of CIRM support, we have developed methods for identifying and isolating specific types of human embryonic stem cells, and stimulating them to become human heart muscle cells. We are currently working to determine the best methods and timing for delivering these cells into the hearts of mice that have had a heart attack. This research will identify those human embryonic stem cells that are best at repairing damaged heart muscle, thereby treating or avoiding heart failure.

© 2013 California Institute for Regenerative Medicine