New Cell Lines
There are a number of diseases that affect the brain, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In addition, trauma can cause neurological problems. We have developed two cell strains that are derived from human neuronal cells. These cell strains are precursors to other neuronal cells, and we have shown that the cells can differentiate when grown in cell culture. This project will determine the characteristics of these cells, including which important proteins are found in the cells, in order to better understand how the cells function. In addition, a variety of signaling molecules will be investigated to see how they affect the cell strains. These signaling molecules may affect differentiation or other functions of the cells. We will also test the cells strains in animals to determine if they may be suitable for therapy for neurological diseases. Overall, the project will determine if these cell strains will be useful for further experiments that may lead to drug or stem cell therapy.
Statement of Benefit to California:
There are many Californians that have neurological problems. These problems range from injuries due to trauma, degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, and dementia caused by HIV and HCV. We have developed human neuronal precursor cells. Studying these cell strains will provide information that will advance the field of neurobiology. In addition, these strains or the information obtained through these studies may be useful in the future for therapies for a variety of neurological problems.
Executive Summary This proposal examines two neural cell lines that have been established from human neuronal cells, and then maintained in cell culture using growth factors but without feeders. The cells will grow either as adherent cells or neurospheres, but their potency has not thus far been assessed. The project plan is to molecularly and functionally characterize the two cell lines in culture and upon transplantation into mice. Well-validated neuronal stem cell lines that have the ability to form different types of human neurons in culture and in vivo would certainly be valuable to the field, but the lack of detail in this application makes it impossible to be confident that this goal would be achieved. The applicant will use two poorly-characterized cell lines to conduct a series of poorly-described and poorly-thought-out experiments. The applicant and the institution that he/she works in have little to no experience in the field and are not equipped to do the kind of research outlined here. Finally, this proposal is not responsive to the RFA in that the cell lines are not pluripotent. Specifically, the characterization of the cells is poor and the preliminary data does not suggest that they will be useful in generating new and significant knowledge on stem cells, or likely be used in transplantation-induced repair in any human disease. No details on the proposed molecular tools are provided. The transplantation experiments are absolutely critical, but are described in so little detail that interpretation is impossible. It was unclear where the cells would be implanted, how integration and function would be assessed, or how potential tumor formation would be determined. In conclusion, this application did not give the reviewers any confidence that the investigator understands the field well enough to generate valuable data. Their concern was heightened by the CV of the principal investigator, as his/her published experience appears to be largely in virology. Reviewer One Comments Significance: The characterization of the cells is poor and the preliminary data does not suggest they will be useful in generating new and significant knowledge on stem cells, or likely be used in transplantation-induced repair in any human disease. The applicant does not appear to have an adequate understanding and grasp of the field. Feasibility: The applicant and the institution he works in have little to no experience in the field and are not equipped to do the kind of research outlined here. Responsiveness to RFA: This proposal does not respond to the RFA in that the cell lines are not pluripotent. Reviewer Two Comments Significance: Well-validated neuronal stem cell lines that have the ability to form different types of human neurons in culture and in vivo would certainly be valuable, but the lack of detail in this application makes it impossible to be confident that this goal would be achieved. No details on the antibodies to be used and which ones might be particularly valuable markers, or on the factors to be used in the differentiation experiments is provided. This does not give me any confidence that the investigators understand the field well enough to generate valuable data. This concern is heightened by the CV of the Principal Investigator, as his published experience appears to be largely in virology. Feasibility: The project plan is to 1) clone each cell line so as only to use cells derived from a single cell; 2) test a variety of antibodies used for neural cell phenotyping so as to validate them against these human cells; 3) use RT-PCR to measure gene expression profiles and compare them with those already published for embryonic stem cell lines; 4) compare and contrast the gene expression pattern, electrophysiological properties and effects of time and culture of the two cell lines; 5) expose the cell lines to different signaling molecules so as to identify those that regulate their differentiation and morphology; 6) examine their response to HIV and HCV viruses; 7) examine their behavior after transplantation into SCID mice, looking at both long and short-term survival and differentiation. In addition to my concerns above, the experiments using viruses seem to have no value within the overall logic of the work. The transplantation experiments are absolutely critical, but are described in so little detail that interpretation is impossible. Where will the cells be implanted? How will integration and function be assessed? How will tumor formation be identified if present? Responsiveness to RFA: The cell lines studied here are not likely to be pluripotent, nor is this property to be assessed. So, whilst I think they would be valuable to the neuroscience community, I conclude that this does not fit the call.